Language scratchpad/Altlangs

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This subarticle lists alternate versions of real-life languages in Innocence Seekers. Due to the series incorprating aspects of alternate history, languages will evolve differently.

Alternate English

English is the lingua franca of Earth and one of the official languages of the Federation of Four Earths.


The orthography is similar to Blylandic, except the hooked letters ę and ǫ are not used (/ɛː/ and /ɔː/ are represented as ea and oa, respectively), and that the letter s represents both /s/ and /z/.


The declension of nouns is comparatively simple when compared to Old English. All declensional classes share the same declensions in the singular.

Singular Plural
fisj fisjes
Genitive fisjes fisje
Dative fisje fisjem

This is an example of a strong noun. Note that the nominative/accusative plural ending may differ between nouns. The genitive plural is -re if the stem ends in a vowel, while the dative singular ending disappears.

Singular Plural
name namen
Genitive names namne
Dative name namem

This is an example of a weak noun.

Singular Plural
kjild kjilder
Genitive kjildes kjildre
Dative kjilde kjildrem

This is an example of a noun that displays an -r- infix in the plural. This is largely a relic class.


Personal pronouns

First person Second person
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative ikj wii þau jii
Accusative mekj auskj þekj juukj
Dative mii aus þii juu
Possessive main- aur- þain- juur-

The possessive forms decline as strong adjectives.

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative hii sjii hit þou
Accusative hain hai hit þou
Genitive his hair his þoure
Dative him hair him þoum


Strong declension:

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative - - - -e
Accusative -en - - -e
Genitive -es -er -es -re
Dative -em -er -em -em

Weak declension:

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative -e -e -e -en
Accusative -en -en -e -en
Genitive -en -en -en -ne
Dative -en -en -en -em


Definite article:

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative þe þi þat þo
Accusative þon þai þat þo
Genitive þas þer þas þore
Dative þem þer þem þom

Indefinite article:

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative an an an ane
Accusative anen an an ane
Genitive anes aner anes anre
Dative anem aner anem anem


Cardinal numerals

1 oun 11 endleven 10 tiin
2 twain 12 twelf 20 twiinti
3 þrii 13 þretin 30 þraiti
4 fjuur 14 fjuurtin 40 fjuurti
5 faiv 15 faiftin 50 faifti
6 six 16 sixtin 60 sixti
7 seven 17 seventin 70 seventi
8 eit 18 eitin 80 eiti
9 nain 19 naintin 90 nainti
10 tiin 20 twiinti 100 hundred
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative oun oun oun oune
Accusative ounen oun oun oune
Genitive ounes ouner ounes ounre
Dative ounem ouner ounem ounem
Masculine Feminine Neuter
twain twou tuu
Genitive twaire
Dative tweim
Genitive þriire
Dative þrim

Numerals from 4 to 99 use the genitive suffix -re and the dative suffix -(e)m. The numerals hundred and þausend are strong nouns (plural hundred and þausend), not determiners.

Ordinal numerals

1st first 11th endleveðe 10th tiiðe
2nd uuðer 12th twelfte 20th twiintiðe
3rd þridde 13th þretinde 30th þraitiðe
4th fjuurðe 14th fjuurtinde 40th fjuurtiðe
5th faifte 15th faiftinde 50th faiftiðe
6th sixte 16th sixtinde 60th sixtiðe
7th seveðe 17th seventinde 70th seventiðe
8th eiteðe 18th eitinde 80th eitiðe
9th naiðe 19th naintinde 90th naintiðe
10th tiiðe 20th twiintiðe 100th hundredeðe


Strong verbs

Strong verbs have five principal parts: the infinitive (stelen), the third person singular present indicative (stileþ), the third person singular past indicative (stal), the plural past indicative (steilen) and the past participle (stolen). There are huge variations between strong verbs, meaning that the principal parts must be learned separately.

Singular Plural
First Second Third
Indicative mood
Present stel stilest stileþ stelen
Past stal stalest stal steilen
Subjunctive mood
Present stele stelen
Past stale steilen
Imperative mood
stel steleþ
Infinitive stelen
Present stelende
Past stolen

Weak verbs

Weak verbs only have two principal parts: the infinitive (heilen) and the past participle (heild).

Singular Plural
First Second Third
Indicative mood
Present heil heilest heileþ heilen
Past heild heildest heild heilden
Subjunctive mood
Present heile heilen
Past heilde heilden
Imperative mood
heil heileþ
Infinitive heilen
Present heilende
Past heild

Irregular verbs

Singular Plural
First Second Third
Indicative mood
Present am art is sind
Past was wast was weiren
Subjunctive mood
Present sai sain
Past weire weiren
Imperative mood
wes weseþ
Infinitive wesen
Present wesende
Past weren


Syntax is similar to real-life English. In poetry, both SVO and V2 word order can be used, but prose typically uses SVO.